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Ancient Mapping of Antarctica

AntarcticaOfficially, the continent of Antarctica was discovered in 1818. This continent, which is larger than Australia, covers an area of 14 million square kilometers (or 5.4 million square miles). With an average elevation of more than 2,000 meters (or 6,500 feet), Antarctica is by far the highest continent. As Antarctica lies completely covered by a huge sheet of both land and sea ice, it was quite a difficult task to compose an accurate map of this continent. However, three centuries before Antarctica was allegedly discovered, both a French mathematician and a Turkish admiral produced a remarkably correct map of Antarctica. How was this possible, as this “unkown” continent is covered with ice for at least 6000 years?

Previously, the region of the North Pole was named after the Greek word for ‘bear’, namely arktos, after the star constellations of both the Greater Bear (Ursa Major in Latin) and the Lesser Bear (Ursa Minor in Latin). The English name Arctic resembles the Latin name Arcticus and the Greek name Arktikos. As the South Pole continent lies at the opposite side of our home planet, seen from the Arctic, it was therefore named ‘Anti-Arctic’, which became Antarctic.

In the year 1929, at the Topkapı Palace in the Turkish city of Istanbul, a map was found that showed the coastal lines of West-Africa, South-America, and North-Antarctica. Istanbul used to be the capital of Ottoman Empire, which lasted from 1299 until 1922. Before then, this city was named Constantinopel, which was the capital of the Byzantine Empire, that started in the year 330. The remarkable map with the northern coastal line of Antarctica was produced by Ahmed Muhiddin Pîrî Bey, nowadays better known as Piri Reis (meaning: Chief Piri). He was born between 1465 and 1470. Mister Piri became not only an Ottoman admiral, but also a skillful geographer and cartographer. In 1513, he produced his most famous world map that shows the coastal lines around the southern part of the Atlantic Ocean.

Less then two decades later, in 1531, a French mathematician named Oronce Finé (1494 – 1555) published a world map that showed the full Antarctic continent free of ice. His Latinized name was Orontius Finnaeus. Again, how could this sixteenth century scholar have known this?

Chief Piri said that he used some twenty ancient sources in order to produce his world map. According to him, aome of these sources dated from the time of Alexander III of Macedon (356 BCE – 323 BCE). This statement of Piri Reis clearly points in the direction of ancient knowledge that was passed on to each following generation (perhaps only within certain societies).

At the age of nearly 90, in 1553, when admiral Piri refused to support the Ottoman governor of Basra, named Kubad Pasha, in another campaign against the Portuguese in the northern Persian Gulf, Piri Reis was beheaded.

Nowadays, there are five continents: America, Africa, Australia, Antarctica, and Eurasia. Some divide the American continent in a northern and southern part (or with even a middle part as well, named Mesoamerica), and the Eurasian continent in Europe and Asia. According to Plato (427 BCE. – 347 BCE), there used to be another continent named Atlantis, having a seize that was greater than Northern Africa and the Middle East together. According to my Tiamat Theory, the downfall of Atlantis occurred around the year 9600 BCE. Also Plato dated this downfall 9000 years before Solon of Athens (640 BCE – 560 BCE). In those days, Antarctica was not yet covered with a sheet of ice. So perhaps did the Atlanteans map all six contents of this planet, and was that knowledge somehow passed on to the scholars of ancient Khemit. What do you think? Will you help with the further development of Wholly Science by solving this mystery?